The Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research (JIPMER) is a medical school in India. It is located at Pondicherry, the capital of the union territory of Puducherry, in southern India. The institute is both an educational institute that imparts undergraduate and postgraduate medical training and a working hospital that provides inexpensive medical care to a large number of patients. JIPMER is an institute of national importance and a tertiary care referral hospital that is under the direct administrative control of Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS), Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India.
The campus of JIPMER is spread over 195 acres (0.79 km2). It has about 200 faculty and 360 resident physicians and over 3,000 nursing, administrative and support staff. Every year it admits 150 undergraduate students and 200 postgraduate students.
JIPMER originated as École de Médicine de Pondicherry established by the French imperial government in India in the year 1823 to train French citizens in Pondicherry. It was one of the earliest institutions of tropical medicine and the teaching staff consisted of surgeons and doctors of the French navy and troupes. Students who were trained here were granted a diploma called Médicin Locale that allowed them to practice medicine in the colonial territories.
Under the French, the college was located in the heart of the town of Pondicherry in the modified buildings of the high court, opposite Le place de Gaulle, which is now the Legislative Assembly Hall. In 1959, SE Le Comte Stanislas Ostrorog, Ambassadeur de France aux Indes, laid the foundation stone of the new medical college building that was located on the outskirts of the town and, in 1964, the college moved to its new campus at Gorimedu. With the de jure transfer of Puducherry to India in 1956, the Government of India took over the college and renamed it simply Medical College, Pondicherry. For a short period, it was called the Dhanvantri Medical College and, on 13 July 1964, after Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru's death on 27 May 1964, it was again renamed to "Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research" (JIPMER). Today, the institution is universally known by the acronym JIPMER. In 2008, JIPMER was declared as an Institution of National Importance by an act of Indian Parliament. In 2014, JIPMER started Jipmer international school for public health (JISPH)
Department of Clinical Immunology:
The department of Clinical Immunology was started in the year 2008 and is located in the Super speciality block (SSB) of the institute. The department currently has 2 full time faculty members and caters to approximately 4,000 patients with various autoimmune diseases every month. It has the facilities for outpatient, day care and inpatient services including cell based immunotherapy services. A well-equipped laboratory provides serological and molecular laboratory diagnostic services for autoimmune diseases. The department also has a robust academic 3 year superspeciality Doctor of Medicine (DM) training programme with an intake of 2 DM (Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology) candidates per year. As of 2019, 12 candidates have passed out and are serving as successful rheumatologists across the country. Under the PhD program, of the 9 PhD candidates enrolled, 4 have successfully received their doctorates. The department has the unique distinction of an international cotutelle/Dual PhD program with the University of Paris, France under which a candidate pursues research at JIPMER and an institute overseas with degrees being awarded by both the institutes. This is the first such program in all the streams of Sciences in the country.
The department has good clinical and basic sciences research infrastructure with a number of national and international collaborations like INSERM, CEFIPRA and NIH to name a few. The pioneering research work in the field of Immunogenetics and immunopathogenesis of autoimmune rheumatic diseases not to mention many clinical studies on disease phenotypes, treatment outcomes including high quality RCTs has resulted in a large number of publications in reputed journals.